Jackson Pollock – part 2
In 1943 Peggy Guggenheim hires him in the Gallery «Art of This Century» in New York and the same year Pollock presents his first solo exhibition in that Gallery. Pollock himself somewhere says about her coming into his life as a “comet from space, or as a priestess of a Mesopotamian race”…
In 1944, he makes his first work in wall dimensions (Murals). It’s a revolution, both for him and for art, a “revelation” as he says. Moving away from traditional painting techniques, discovers slowly that he can express his internal conflicts and anxieties, having as subject the very act of painting.
He gives up the brush and easel, spreads on the floor large tarpaulins and starts to drip, to splash or pour paint on them (a method he invented and named dripping, which generally now is called, action painting). He goes around the canvas, stands on it and drips enamel or aluminum color with all his body to participate during the painting.
Projects like Shimmering Substance (1946) and Eyes in the Heat (1946),
are characteristic of this shift and demonstrate the breadth of his imagination, the surreal element of his technique but also his agony to express through painting.
In 1944 Pollock married Lee Krasner and a year later moved to East Hampton in Long Island. Krasner (1911-84) is also an abstract expressionist whose projects qualify for such recognition only after the death of Pollock. Nevertheless, he considers her as a painter and respects her. This marriage is good for him, perhaps for the fact that this woman can maneuver and balance him, especially if we take into consideration his torque to alcohol and frequent depression. Beyond that, they mainly make it thanks to her work, she is the one that takes care of Pollock’s public relations of and his overall picture, but she is the one that tolerates his infidelities with Guggenheim.
In general, from the late 40’s to early 50’s, Pollock had solo exhibitions with new projects almost every year, in Guggenheim’s Gallery until 1947, at the Betty Parsons’ Gallery from 1947 to 1952 and then the Gallery of Sidney Janis. Between 1951 and 1952 his works are characterized by dark colors, such as Echo (1951) and the Number Seven (1952), and since 1952 are becoming colorful and reach their peak until 1953. Some features of this period are: the Convergence (1952) and Blue Poles (1952). Since then he is experiencing a decline, although there are several remarkable works, such as the White Light (1954) and Scent (1955).
In August 11, 1956 Jackson Pollock leaves his last breath in a car accident been once again (and last time) drunk.
This article is for www.leedscanvas.com