Leonardo Da Vinci – part 1
Leonardo Da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452 in Anciano, a town near Vinci, Italy. He was the illegitimate son of Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci, and a peasant named Caterina. His father was a notary – lawyer and took Leonardo with him when he moved to Florence. Leonardo da Vinci’s full name was Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, i.e. Leonardo of Mr. Piero from Vinci.
From an early age, Leonardo showed he had an acid mind and artistic talent. Prominent in his studies was his apprenticeship at the famous workshop of Andrea Del Verrocchio in Florence. By him Leonardo has taught painting, sculpture, architecture, botany, music and visual.
At the outset of his artistic career, he painted Christian themes, paying special attention to facial expressions, posture of the body and the combination of these various elements with nature such as flowers, animals, etc. He studied and experimented on various natural phenomena. His experiments with light had the effect of creating a new technique in painting called “Sfumato of Leonardo”. His studies on light he present them in a work titled “Treatise on Shadow and Light”.
In 1482 he is located in Milan, as an ambassador of culture of Florence. The Duke of Milan, Ludovico Sforza, assigned him with various tasks, ranging from scientific research to puzzle writing and organizing ceremonies and celebrations. These functions of his resulted, in the design of various types of machine, the improvement of technical projects and the expansion of scientific studies in various fields.
Among his studies, prominent of these was the study of the human body. Features mentioned in a text, “facial scars indicate partly the nature of humans, defects and their temperament.” These studies influenced the portraits painted during this period. A feature of these portraits is that the models are imprinted on the canvas in a way that suggests it was lit by several light sources and the background of these tables are almost always dark and do not reflect anything.
While he was in Milan he painted one of his most famous works, “The Last Supper”. It is a mural in the dining room of the monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie started in 1495 and completed in 1498. In Milan, Leonardo Da Vinci, took the opportunity to study and create both in technical and the artistic field.
After the fall of the Duchy of Milan by the French, Leonardo Da Vinci traveled to Venice and central Italy. He made these trips as an engineer of the French army and during invented numerous military machinery and weapons.
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